Skip to content

How to get started Unit testing with PHPUnit ( basic stand alone example no frameworks )

Very Basic Example Test with PHPUnit

In this very quick tutorial, we will write our first unit test.

Step #1

Let’s create Basic-Example-Test-PHPUnit/composer.json
In this composer file add the following:


{
    "require-dev": {
        "phpunit/phpunit": "^9"
    },
	"autoload": {
      "psr-4": {
        "SimpleTest\\":"src"
      }
    },
    "config": {
    "optimize-autoloader": true
    }
}

Step #2

We will create a tiny class in Basic-Example-Test-PHPUnit/src/Hello.php

The name of the directory “Basic-Example-Test-PHPUnit” is up to you, now in our class Hello we will simply say Hello to some $name variable.


namespace SimpleTest;
/**
 *
 */
class Hello
{
	private $name;

	function __construct( $name )
	{
		$this->name = $name;
	}

	public function say_hello(){
		return 'Hello ' . $this->name;
	}


}

Step #3

Awesome now let’s run composer install to bring in our dependencies.


$ composer install

Step #4

We can now write our test, create the test in Basic-Example-Test-PHPUnit/tests/HelloTest.php
in HelloTest add the following:


use PHPUnit\Framework\TestCase;
use SimpleTest\Hello;
/**
 *
 */
class HelloTest extends TestCase
{

	public function testSayHello(): void
    {
		$hello = new Hello( 'World' );
        $this->assertEquals(
            'Hello World',
            $hello->say_hello()
        );
    }
}

Read more about PHPUnit here: https://phpunit.de/getting-started/phpunit-9.html.

 

Try working example code on GitHub

clone this

git clone https://github.com/devuri/Basic-Example-Test-PHPUnit.git

Installer

composer install

Run the Tests

Execute all tests declared in *Test.php sourcecode files in the tests directory.

./vendor/bin/phpunit tests

Output.

PHPUnit 9.5.0 by Sebastian Bergmann and contributors.

.                                                                1 / 1 (100%)

Time: 00:00.004, Memory: 4.00 MB

OK (1 tests, 1 assertions)